September 22, 2023

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Happiness is a Cigar

Where do I even begin with retirement planning?

Where To Begin with Retirement Planning | Senior Living Advice

Every person’s life must include retirement planning, which changes over time. The entire point of retirement planning is to keep you financially prepared for important life stage events, assist you in maintaining the desired lifestyle in your old age, and ensure your financial security and that of your dependents.

When should retirement planning begin?

Retirement is a significant life event, just as important as getting an education, getting married, and having kids.

The optimal time to begin retirement planning is in your 20s or 30s since you may benefit from compounding. The phenomenon known as compounding refers to the process of earning interest on interest, which causes your money to expand exponentially rather than linearly.

Simply delaying your investments by a few years can impact your retirement fund. You only need to change your retirement plans to get to retirement age. Risk mitigation is the most critical component of late-stage retirement planning. It would help if you put more thought into prudent capital preservation rather than aggressive wealth appreciation.

Gradually decrease your exposure to risky assets like equity and raise your exposure to fixed-income investments. When you cease working actively, you will have a reliable stream of money to replace your principal income. Consider possibilities like debt funds, fixed deposits, gold, and other secure investment opportunities to accomplish your objective.

Where should I invest my retirement funds?

You can construct your retirement money by choosing from various investments available on the Indian financial market.

Debt funds

Middle-aged investors can build their retirement assets with debt funds without taking risks. These mutual funds invest in debt market securities such as corporate and government bonds.

Simplified Employee Pension (SEP) Plans

The SEP plan may be your best option if you are a self-employed person trying to save for retirement. This account is similar to a typical IRA in that pre-tax contributions lower your taxable income, and money can grow tax-deferred until you withdraw it in retirement. However, it can only be formed by business owners with one or more workers or those who make a living as freelancers.

Equity Funds

Mutual funds that invest directly in equity are known as equity funds. If you start investing in mutual funds when you’re younger, you’ll have a head start because they have the potential to produce higher returns. Therefore, equities mutual funds provide the highest returns and the added advantages of expert management and cost efficiency.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)

Another option for long-term investments is the 15-year PPF. Every year, you can invest any amount between Rs. 500 and Rs. 1.5 lakh and you will receive interest at a rate of 7.1%. When you retire, you receive your initial investment and any earned interest.

National Pensions System (NPS)

The NPS is a government-backed programme that enables you to save for retirement while you are still employed freely. You can take a piece of your corpus and use the remaining money to get a stable pension at retirement.


Bonds are another well-liked option among savers since their prices fluctuate far less than those of equities. A government or business borrows money from investors for an annual payment based on a predetermined interest rate. You receive your initial investment back after that bond’s term, typically between one and thirty years.

Bonds are popular among investors for two reasons: they provide a fixed annual income and, depending on the type of bond you buy, lower the risk of capital loss. Because of this, bonds often move less than stocks, balancing a portfolio’s overall ups and downs.


You could have numerous goals for your life after retirement. You can accomplish your post-retirement goals while keeping your current way of life if you do some retirement planning in advance.

All goods and services are becoming more expensive due to rising inflation. With a solid retirement plan, you may ensure that your retirement funds are safeguarded against inflation. Additionally, it could assist you in preparing for any unanticipated monetary difficulties.